Carter Goodwin Woodson
Historian
Scott Catalog # 2073
Issued February 1, 1984 in Washington D.C. 
Stamp Artist: Jerry Pinkney
First Day Cachet by Collins
  

Carter Godwin Woodson was known as the Father of Black History. He was born into poverty in New Canton, Virginia on December 19, 1875. He had very little formal schooling as a young man. He entered high school at the age of 20 and in less than two years received his high school diploma at the age of 21.

Carter supported himself and paid for his education by working in the coal mines of West Virginia and later teaching school. He graduated from Berea College in 1903, obtained his masters from the University of Chicago in 1908 and his PHD from Harvard in 1912. 

He served as the dean of the liberal arts college at Howard University from 1919 to 1920 and as dean at West Virginia State College from 1920 to 1922.

Woodson founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, (known today as: The Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History) in 1915 and the Journal of Negro History in 1916. He was the moving force and guiding light in making Black Studies a respectable academic pursuit. He succeeded in freeing black studies from the traditional biases of the times as previously recorded by white historians.

Most publishers of the time would not accept works by Afro-Americans, so Woodson, provided them with an outlet for their work by establishing Associated Publishers, Inc.

He was the author of many scholarly works on Black History such as The Negro in Our History. In 1937 he began publishing The Negro History Bulletin and in his later years spent his time editing the six volume Encyclopedia Africana

Carter Godwin Woodson died in Washington, D.C. on April 4, 1950.

 

Sources: 
Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia Africana 

 

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